Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

International Armed Conflicts

Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949 expands upon the rules applicable during international armed conflict (conflicts between two or more nations). Uniquely, this treaty illustrates the convergence of two historical strands of international humanitarian law, expanding protections for vulnerable populations principally the focus of the Geneva Conventions, while also reaffirming regulations on the conduct of hostilities found in the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. The United States is not among the 173 nations which have become Party to this Protocol.

Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977
Read/Download Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977
(PDF, 421KB)
Adopted: June 8, 1977 | Entered into force: December 7, 1978