Exploration 2: Limits in Armed Conflict

2A. Limiting the devastation of war (two sessions)

Exploration 2A begins by having students consider photos of one specific situation: soldiers taken prisoner. Students get glimpses of the different situations in which those at risk and those in power find themselves. A photo collage then introduces them to a variety of other war-related situations. Students explore various experiences arising from armed conflict to suggest rules needed to limit unnecessary suffering and to protect life and human dignity.

2B. Codes and traditions over time (one session)

Exploration 2B is designed to illustrate the universality of the effort to limit the devastation caused by war. In every period of history, and throughout the world, people have sought to impose restraints on the way war may be waged, by creating codes and applying certain traditions. Students study these historical examples after they have examined the need for rules to regulate war and looked at the basic rules of modern international humanitarian law (IHL) in Exploration 2A.

2C. Focus on child soldiers (three sessions)

Exploration 2A introduced students to the rules of war, and Exploration 2B provided examples of precursors to those rules of international humanitarian law (IHL). Exploration 2C looks in depth at one evolving area of IHL: the rules governing the recruitment and use of children by armed forces or groups.

2D. Focus on weapons (two sessions)

Exploration 2A introduced students to the rules of war, and Exploration 2B provided examples of precursors to those rules of international humanitarian law (IHL). Exploration 2D, like Exploration 2C, focuses on one particular area to which those rules apply.

2E. Widespread availability of weapons (two sessions)

Whereas Exploration 2D presented issues related to limits set by international humanitarian law (IHL) on certain weapons, in Exploration 2E students study the problem of unregulated availability of small arms and light weapons around the world. They examine the impact of these weapons upon civilians, and proposals for coping with related problems.