Program for Enhancement of Emergency Response
In partnership with the Asia Disaster Preparedness Center, the American Red Cross has been working since mid-2009 to address disaster vulnerability in South and Southeast Asia through a strategic regional risk reduction program, the Program for Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER). Through this regional disaster preparedness initiative, the American Red Cross is assisting Red Cross and Red Crescent national partners and other organizations in nine countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Vietnam) to help improve disaster preparedness. This work includes building community-level first responder capacity (including the capacity of the local Red Cross and Red Crescent societies) in disaster-prone communities by sharing essential disaster response skills, such as how to safely conduct light search and rescue activities and effectively triage wounded survivors of disasters or other local crises. At the same time, the project works to make community-based decision-making a key part of emergency response systems, ensuring that first responders and authorities are directly linked to community preparedness plans, enabling better-coordinated disaster responses. This program is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) with supplemental funding from the American Red Cross. This project aims to train approximately 5,000 first responders who will be in a position to support millions of vulnerable people living across the nine countries encompassed in this program.
Aceh Water and Sanitation Project
Although the American Red Cross Tsunami Recovery Program ended in 2010, the American Red Cross is continuing to work with the Indonesian Red Cross and tsunami-affected communities to ensure that communities have access to clean drinking water. Through trainings, close collaboration on infrastructure assessments, and maintenance and hygiene education, this project will help to ensure that communities reap the full benefits of the water and sanitation infrastructure established following the tsunami. The project will also enhance working knowledge of water and sanitation infrastructure construction and hygiene promotion within the Indonesian Red Cross while also encouraging sustainable management of the water and sanitation infrastructure by village water committees. More than 45,000 residents are expected to benefit across 60 villages in Aceh Province.
Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction
Since late 2004, following the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, there has been increased seismic activity and earthquake damage along the coasts of Western Sumatra and Southwest Java, Indonesia. Significant gaps still exist to alert communities to coastal risks and hazards. Through this project, the American Red Cross will work with the Indonesian Red Cross in 15 coastal communities to help these communities assess their vulnerabilities, create community action plans, and integrate disaster risk reduction activities into formal and informal education in order to strengthen the resilience of these communities and to mitigate the risk and negative impact of coastal hazards. The project will also work with the Indonesian Red Cross chapters and branches in these areas to strengthen their organizational and management capacities, volunteer networks, and linkages with other stakeholders including the local government. The project aims to directly benefit more than 47,000 people.
Greater Jakarta Disaster Risk Reduction
Climate-related disasters are exacerbating a number of environmental and social pressures in Indonesia and threatening the country’s socio-economic development and environment. Indonesia’s urban growth is one of the most accelerated in the world; currently almost half of Indonesia’s population lives in urban areas. Through this project, the American Red Cross is working with the Indonesian Red Cross to strengthen urban communities’ resilience to a variety of potential risks. Activities such as solid waste management, river reinforcement, drainage improvement and tree plantation will help reduce the impact of disasters, particularly flooding. The project will also help communities carry out activities such as assessing the risks they face, forming community disaster response teams, creating contingency plans and conducting emergency drills in order to help increase awareness and preparedness before the next disaster hits. This project will also help the Indonesian Red Cross build its own capacity and strengthen its linkage with the government and private sector as well as in the targeted communities. The project expects to directly benefit more than 36,500 people and indirectly benefit approximately 553,500 people living in Bogor District, Depok and cities in northern Jakarta.
Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction Project
Although the American Red Cross Tsunami Recovery Program ended in 2010, the American Red Cross is continuing to work with the Indonesian Red Cross and tsunami-affected communities to ensure that communities are prepared for the next time a catastrophe strikes this highly disaster-prone region. Through detailed assessments, planning and coordination in Aceh Province, disaster response teams will be better able to address the vulnerabilities in each community. Campaigns will also be conducted to enhance community awareness on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation issues, while Indonesian Red Cross capacities at the local and national levels will be strengthened through the development of educational materials and better coordination with key disaster management actors. Nearly 26,000 people are expected to benefit from these activities.
Integrated Health and Disaster Risk Reduction Project
According to reports by the Government of Indonesia, Central Java is the province most often affected by natural disasters in Indonesia. There are 31 areas in this province that are categorized as disaster-prone areas including Wonogiri district. During the first five months of 2011, more than 580 disasters, such as landslides, floods, and small scale twisters, affected this district. Through this project, the American Red Cross is partnering with the Indonesian Red Cross to work with communities to reduce disaster risks, improve health and prevent disease, particularly among children. Working with 30 communities in Wonogiri, the project will help communities conduct assessments of the risks they face and create action plans to address these risks. Through activities such as education sessions, household visits and public awareness campaigns, communities will be better able to prevent, withstand and/or cope with disasters and health issues. This project will benefit more than 116,800 people.
Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Systems Development
The Indonesian Red Cross is responsible for professionally delivering services to vulnerable people throughout the country. In order to do this, the Indonesian Red Cross requires a cohesive and high-functioning set of planning, monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (PMER) systems. This project will help the Indonesian Red Cross strengthen its existing Management Information System, develop guidelines and tools for the system and build capacity throughout the Indonesian Red Cross headquarters, provinces and branches to implement, maintain and continuously improve the system. By helping to strengthen its PMER system, this project will benefit 1,600 people throughout the Indonesian Red Cross, including the organization’s management and staff at headquarters, provinces and branches.
Strengthening the Indonesian Red Cross Organizational Development Project
Though the American Red Cross Tsunami Recovery Program ended in 2010, the American Red Cross is continuing to work with the Indonesian Red Cross and tsunami-affected communities to ensure that Aceh is better prepared for the next time a catastrophe strikes this highly disaster-prone region. One of the ways in which this is being accomplished is through strengthening the capacities of the Indonesian Red Cross to provide effective services to communities in Indonesia. Through collaboration on the development and/or revision of policies and procedures, enhanced internal communication, participatory planning initiatives and the enhancement of financial and volunteer management and resource development systems, the Indonesian Red Cross will be better able to serve the Indonesian people.
West Sumatra Organizational Development Project
West Sumatra Province is vulnerable to a variety of both natural and man-made disasters and is inhabited by more than 4 million people. Situated in one of the most disaster-prone provinces in Indonesia, the West Sumatra Chapter plays a critical role in ensuring the Indonesian Red Cross as a whole effectively addresses the country’s disasters and emergency health needs. Through the West Sumatra Organizational Development Project, the American Red Cross is partnering with the Indonesian Red Cross to strengthen the West Sumatra Chapter through activities such as developing HR, financial management, and resource development policies and processes and training staff on the implementation of these new processes. From creating standard information sharing and communication protocols, to conducing trainings on fundraising and donor networking, this project will directly benefit 550 Indonesian Red Cross board members, staff and volunteers in addition to indirectly benefiting the rest of the Indonesian Red Cross and the community served by the West Sumatra Chapter.