Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Non-International Armed Conflicts

Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949 expands upon the rules applicable during non-international armed conflicts (conflicts between nations and non-state armed groups, or alternatively, between two or more non-state armed groups). While comprised of only 28 Articles, this Protocol builds upon the codified framework of laws applicable during non-international armed conflicts, limited primarily to Common Article 3 of the 1949 Conventions. Presently, 167 nations are State Parties to this Protocol. The United States has not ratified the second Additional Protocol.

Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977
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Adopted: June 8, 1977 | Entered into force: December 7, 1978