Additional Protocol (III) to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949 (December 8, 2005)

Adoption of the Red Crystal

The most recent supplement to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, Additional Protocol (III) creates a third internationally recognized protective emblem: the “red crystal”. The red crystal joins the red cross and the red crescent as the only emblems recognized by nations signifying the protected status of individuals or objects bearing them during armed conflict. The International Committee of the Red Cross notes that “[t]he shape and name of this additional emblem were the result of a long selection process, the goal of which was to come up with a result devoid of any political, religious or other connotation and which could thus be used all over the world. The red crystal is not intended to replace the cross and crescent but to provide a further option.”