Geneva Convention (II) of August 12, 1949

Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked at Sea

Similar in many respects to the Convention concerning land warfare (Geneva Convention (I)), the Second Geneva Convention of 1949 codifies rules and protections for those wounded, sick and shipwrecked at sea. The International Committee of the Red Cross notes “[t] present Convention replaced Hague Convention (X) of 1907 for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention. It contains 63 Articles whereas the 1907 Convention had only 28. This extension is mainly due to the fact that the present Convention is conceived as a complete and independent Convention whereas the 1907 Convention restricted itself to adapting to maritime warfare the principles of the convention on the wounded and sick in land warfare.”