Geneva Convention (IV) on Civilians, 1949

Civilians account for 90 percent of casualties in modern armed conflicts. It is imperative then that the international community abide by the norms set forth in Geneva Convention (IV) and other relevant international humanitarian and human rights treaties. The longest of the 1949 Conventions, comprised of 159 Articles, this Convention places great emphasis on the protection of civilians falling into the hands of a foreign power (those classified as “protected persons” under Article 4), and codifies extensive regulations applicable during situations of occupation.

Geneva Convention (IV) on Civilians, 1949
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Adopted: August 12, 1949 | Entered into force: October 21, 1950