Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can help save a life during a cardiac or breathing emergency. However, even after training, remembering the CPR steps and administering them correctly can be a challenge. In order to help you help someone in need, we've created this simple step-by-step guide that you can print up and place on your refrigerator, in your car, in your bag or at your desk.
CHECK the scene for safety, form an initial impression and use personal protective equipment (PPE)
If the person appears unresponsive, CHECK for responsiveness, breathing, life-threatening bleeding or other life-threatening conditions using shout-tap-shout
If the person does not respond and is not breathing or only gasping, CALL 9-1-1 and get equipment, or tell someone to do so
Place the person on their back on a firm, flat surface
Give 30 chest compressions
- Hand position: Two hands centered on the chest
- Body position: Shoulders directly over hands; elbows locked
- Depth: At least 2 inches
- Rate: 100 to 120 per minute
- Allow chest to return to normal position after each compression
Give 2 breaths
- Open the airway to a past-neutral position using the head-tilt/chin-lift technique
- Ensure each breath lasts about 1 second and makes the chest rise; allow air to exit before giving the next breath
Note: If the 1st breath does not cause the chest to rise, retilt the head and ensure a proper seal before giving the 2nd breath If the 2nd breath does not make the chest rise, an object may be blocking the airway
Continue giving sets of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths. Use an AED as soon as one is available!