• CPR Steps


    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can help save a life during a cardiac or breathing emergency. However, even after training, remembering the CPR steps and administering them correctly can be a challenge. In order to help you help someone in need, we've created this simple step-by-step guide that you can print up and place on your refrigerator, in your car, in your bag or at your desk.

    Giving CPR

    1

    CHECK the scene for safety, form an initial impression and use personal protective equipment (PPE)


    2

    If the person appears unresponsive, CHECK for responsiveness, breathing, life-threatening bleeding or other life-threatening conditions using shout-tap-shout


    3

    If the person does not respond and is not breathing or only gasping, CALL 9-1-1 and get equipment, or tell someone to do so


    4

    Place the person on their back on a firm, flat surface


    5

    Give 30 chest compressions

    • Hand position: Two hands centered on the chest
    • Body position: Shoulders directly over hands; elbows locked
    • Depth: At least 2 inches
    • Rate: 100 to 120 per minute
    • Allow chest to return to normal position after each compression

    6

    Give 2 breaths

    • Open the airway to a past-neutral position using the head-tilt/chin-lift technique
    • Ensure each breath lasts about 1 second and makes the chest rise; allow air to exit before giving the next breath

    Note: If the 1st breath does not cause the chest to rise, retilt the head and ensure a proper seal before giving the 2nd breath If the 2nd breath does not make the chest rise, an object may be blocking the airway


    7

    Continue giving sets of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths. Use an AED as soon as one is available!